Alexander Graham Bell

Si Alexander Graham Bell (/ˈɡreɪ.əm/; Marso 3, 1847 - Agosto 2, 1922) usa ka natawo nga taga-Scotland Amerikano nga imbentor, siyentista, ug inhenyero nga gi-kredito sa pag-imbento ug pag-patente sa unang praktikal nga telepono. Gitukod usab niya ang American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) kaniadtong 1885.

Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell.jpg
Natawo 1847[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Edinburgh (kapital sa apil sa nasod)[7]
Namatay 2 Agosto 1922[1][14][3][7][9][11][12][13]
Beinn Bhreagh[15]
Gilubong Beinn Bhreagh[16]
Nasyonalidad United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[17][7]ug Amerikan[7]
Alma mater University of Edinburgh[1][7], University College London[1]ug Royal High School[7]
Propesyon Physicist[1], electrical engineer, engineer[18], businessperson[19], inventor[20]ug professor
Posisyon Professor[21]
A´mo Smithsonian Institution
Kapikas Mabel Gardiner Hubbard
(g. 1877–1922)[1][7]
Anak Elsie May Grosvenor (f. 1878)
Elsie May Grosvenor (f. 1878)[22]
Marian Fairchild (f. 1880)
Ginikanan Alexander Melville Bell[7]
Eliza Bell
Ganti Edison Medal (1914)
Elliott Cresson Medal (1912)
John Fritz Medal
Hughes Medal (1913)[23]
National Aviation Hall of Fame
National Inventors Hall of Fame
Albert Medal (1902)
Canada's Walk of Fame (2001)[24]
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (1883)
Pirma Alexander Graham Bell (signature).svg
Alexander Graham Bell.jpg


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 moabut gikan sa: English Wikipedia
  2. Integrated Authority File, läst: 9 Abril 2014, copyright license: CC0
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF authorities : اوپن ڈیٹا پلیٹ فارم, pagbasa sa online, läst: 10 Oktubre 2015, copyright license: Open License
  4. SNAC, SNAC Ark ID: w6wm1fs5named as: [ Alexander Graham Bell], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  5. Find a Grave, Find A Grave memorial ID: 2125named as: [ Alexander Graham Bell], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  6. American National Biography, 1999, American National Biography ID: 1300115named as: [ Alexander Graham Bell], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 pagbasa sa online, läst: 19 Hulyo 2018,
  8. University of Toronto & Université Laval, George Williams Brown, David Mackness Hayne, Francess Halpenny, George Ramsay Cook, John English, Marcel Trudel, André Vachon & Jean Hamelin (red.), Dictionary of Canadian Biography, University of Toronto Pressug Presses de l'Université Laval, Dictionary of Canadian Biography ID: bell_alexander_graham_15named as: [ ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  9. 9.0 9.1 Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID: bell-alexander-grahamnamed as: [ Alexander Graham Bell]
  10. Artists of the World Online, K. G. Saur Verlagug Walter de Gruyter, AKL Online artist ID: 30021316named as: [ Alexander Graham Bell]
  11. 11.0 11.1 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana ID: 00087590030866named as: [ Alexander Graham Bell]
  12. 12.0 12.1 GeneaStar, GeneaStar person ID: bellanamed as: [ Alexander Graham Bell]
  13. 13.0 13.1 Roglo, Roglo person ID: p=alexander+graham;n=bellnamed as: [ Alexander Graham Bell]
  14. Internet Movie Database, IMDb ID: nm1745080co0047972, läst: 15 Oktubre 2015
  15. pagbasa sa online,
  16. moabut gikan sa: French Wikipedia
  17. moabut gikan sa: German Wikipedia
  18. moabut gikan sa: English Wikisource
  19. moabut gikan sa: Spanish Wikipedia, Dutch Wikipedia, läst: 22 Mayo 2019
  20. moabut gikan sa: Danish Wikipedia, Portuguese Wikipedia, Finnish Wikipedia, Spanish Wikipedia, Dutch Wikipedia, Italian Wikipedia, Norwegian Wikipedia, läst: 14 Hunyo 2019
  21. moabut gikan sa: Ukrainian Wikipedia
  22. Geni.com
  23. John Witherow (red.), Awards For Scientific Research., The Times, 40369, Times Newspapers, 14 Nobiyembre 1913, s. 5,
  24. moabut gikan sa: English Wikipedia