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Si Stephen William Hawking (Enero 8 1942 - Marso 14 2018) usa ka Ingles nga teoretikal nga pisiko, kosmolohista, ug tagsulat nga direktor sa panukiduki sa Center for Theoretical Cosmology sa Unibersidad sa Cambridge sa panahon sa iyang pagkamatay.

Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking.StarChild.jpg
Natawo 8 Enero 1942[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][7][9]
Oxford (kapital sa kondado sa Hiniusang Gingharian)[10]
Namatay 14 Marso 2018[5][11][12][7][4][8][7][9]
Cambridge (kapital sa kondado sa Hiniusang Gingharian)[11]
Gilubong Westminster Abbey[13]
Nasyonalidad Brittisk[14][15]
Alma mater University College, Trinity Hall[16], St Albans Schoolug St Albans High School for Girls
Propesyon Theoretical physicist[14], cosmologist[14]ug Magsusulat[17][18]
Posisyon Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (1979–2009)[19][20]
A´mo Faculty of Mathematics, University of Cambridge (1962–1965)[21]
Gonville and Caius College (1965–1969)[21]
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (2008–2018)[22]
University of Cambridge (–2018)[19][20]
Partido sa politika no value
Relihiyon Atheism[23][24]
Kapikas Jane Wilde Hawking
(g. 1965–1991)[25]
Elaine Mason
(g. 1995–2006)
Anak Robert Hawking (f. 1967)[26]
Lucy Hawking (f. 1969ug 1970)
Tim Hawking (f. 1979)[27]
Ganti Albert Einstein Medal (1979)[28]
Wolf Prize in Physics (1988)[29]
Copley Medal (2006)[30][31]
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)[32]
Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2013)[33]
Order of the Companions of Honour (1989)[34]
Eddington Medal (1975)[35]
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1985)[36]
Commander of the Order of the British Empire (1982)[34]
Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)[37]
Oskar Klein Medal (2003)[38]
Hughes Medal (1976)[39]
Royal Society Science Books Prize (2002)[40]
Albert Medal (1999)[41]
Michelson–Morley Award (2003)[42]
Fonseca Prize (2008)[43]
Pius XI Medal (1975)[44]
Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)[45]
IOP Dirac Medal (1987)[46]
Adams Prize (1966)
Andrew Gemant Award (1998)[47]
The James Smithson Bicentennial Medal (2005)[48]
NSS Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award (2012)[49]
Princess of Asturias Award for Concord (1989)[50]
honorary doctor of Harvard University (1990)[34]
Honorary doctor of the University of Oxford (1978)[51]
Marcel Grossmann Award (1991)[52]
Franklin Medal (1981)[53]
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)[54]
Bodley Medal (2015)[55]
Gold medal of the Spanish National Research Council (1989)[56]
Albert Einstein Award (1978)
Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
Honorary doctor of the Princeton University
honorary doctor of the University of Cambridge (1989)[57]
Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (1976)[58]
Lilienfeld Prize (1999)[59]
Princess of Asturias Awards[60]
Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics[60]
Order of the British Empire[60]
Fellow of the Royal Society (1974)
Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (1992)
Pirma Hawkingsig.svg
Stephen Hawking.StarChild.jpg


  1. Integrated Authority File, läst: 9 Abril 2014, license: CC0
  2. MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, läst: 22 Agosto 2017
  3. SNAC, SNAC Ark ID: w6nk63htnamed as: [ Stephen Hawking], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  4. 4.0 4.1 Internet Speculative Fiction Database, ISFDB author ID: 37485named as: [ Stephen Hawking], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  5. 5.0 5.1 Stephen Hawking dies aged 76, BBC News Online, BBC, 14 Marso 2018, named as: [ Stephen Hawking], pagbasa sa online, läst: 14 Marso 2018
  6. Discogs, Discogs artist ID: 513542named as: [ Stephen Hawking], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 NooSFere, NooSFere author ID: 2147187108named as: [ Stephen HAWKING], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "29bbec0a6f821aec0246d1ed03788302e818d7b9" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "29bbec0a6f821aec0246d1ed03788302e818d7b9" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "29bbec0a6f821aec0246d1ed03788302e818d7b9" defined multiple times with different content
  8. 8.0 8.1 Munzinger-Archiv, Munzinger person ID: 00000019246named as: [ Stephen William Hawking], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  9. 9.0 9.1 Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, Brockhaus Enzyklopädie online ID: hawking-stephen-williamnamed as: [ Stephen William Hawking], läst: 9 Oktubre 2017
  10. Integrated Authority File, läst: 10 Disyembre 2014, license: CC0
  11. 11.0 11.1 Stephen Hawking, modern cosmology's brightest star, dies aged 76, TheGuardian.com, The Guardian, 14 Marso 2018, pagbasa sa online, läst: 14 Marso 2018
  12. Prajavani, pagbasa sa online,
  13. pagbasa sa online,
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 moabut gikan sa: English Wikipedia
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  16. Stephen Hawking, Properties of expanding universes, DOI: 10.17863/CAM.11283
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  19. 19.0 19.1 pagbasa sa online, läst: 17 Marso 2018,
  20. 20.0 20.1 pagbasa sa online, läst: 17 Marso 2018,
  21. 21.0 21.1 Professor Stephen Hawking, University of Cambridge, pagbasa sa online
  22. Physicist Stephen Hawking accepts post at Waterloo institute, Toronto Star, 27 Nobiyembre 2008, pagbasa sa online
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  26. Källangivelsen på Wikidata använder propertys som inte känns igen av Modul:Cite
  27. Källangivelsen på Wikidata använder propertys som inte känns igen av Modul:Cite
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  31. Award winners : Copley Medal, Royal Society, pagbasa sa online, läst: 30 Disyembre 2018
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  58. pagbasa sa online, läst: 6 Oktubre 2018,
  59. pagbasa sa online, läst: 6 Oktubre 2018,
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 moabut gikan sa: Russian Wikipedia