(Naredirek gikan sa Fluorine)

Ang fluor (Iningles fluorine) mao ang elementong kimiko sa talaang peryodiko nga may simbolo nga F ug kaiphan nga atomik 9. Ang fluor mao ang halogen.



Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
gas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: transparent (beta), opaque (alpha)
Small sample of pale yellow liquid fluorine condensed in liquid nitrogen
Liquid fluorine at cryogenic temperatures
Kinatibuk-ang mga kinaiya
Ngalan, simbolo, kaiphan fluorine, F, 9
Paglitok /ˈflʊərn/, /ˈflʊərɪn/, /ˈflɔərn/
Kategoriyang elemento halogen
Group, period, block 172, p
Gibug-aton sa atomo 18.9984032(5)[1]
Kontorno sa elektron [He] 2s2 2p5[2]
2, 7
Electron shells of fluorine (2, 7)
Electron shells of fluorine (2, 7)
Pagkadiskobre André-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolation Henri Moissan[2] (June 26, 1886)
Named by Humphry Davy
Physical properties
Phase gas
Density (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
1.696[3] g/L
Liquid density at b.p. 1.505[4] g·cm−3
Melting point 53.53 K, −219.62 °C, −363.32[5] °F
Boiling point 85.03 K, −188.12 °C, −306.62[5] °F
Critical point 144.4 K, 5.215[4] MPa
Heat of vaporization 6.51[3] kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (Cp) (21.1 °C) 825[4] J·mol−1·K−1
(Cv) (21.1 °C) 610[4] J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
Atomic properties
Oxidation states −1
(oxidizes oxygen)
Electronegativity 3.98[2] (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
1st: 1,681[6] kJ·mol−1
2nd: 3,374[6] kJ·mol−1
3rd: 6,147[6] kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 64[7] pm
Van der Waals radius 135[8] pm
Crystal structure cubic
Fluorine has a cubic crystal structure

the structure refers to solid fluorine, just below the melting point, 1 atm[9]
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[10]
Thermal conductivity 0.02591[11] W·m−1·K−1
CAS registry number 7782-41-4[2]
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of fluorine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
18F trace 109.77 min β+ (96.9%) 0.634 18O
ε (3.1%) 1.656 18O
19F 100% 19F is stable with 10 neutrons
· r

Ang mga gi basihan niini usba

  1. Wieser, Michael E.; Coplen, Tyler B. (2010). "Atomic weights of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 83: 359–396. doi:10.1351/PAC-REP-10-09-14. {{cite journal}}: |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 1.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 2.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Compressed Gas Association (1999). Handbook of compressed gases. Springer. p. 365. ISBN 9780412782305. {{cite book}}: |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Dean 1999, p. 3.29.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Dean 1999, p. 4.6.
  7. Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  8. Kim, Sung-Hoon (2006). Functional dyes. Elsevier. p. 257. ISBN 9780444521767.
  9. Young, David A. (2011-06-10). Phase Diagrams of the Elements (Report). Springer. p. 10. {{cite report}}: Check date values in: |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  10. Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  11. Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  12. Chiste, V. (2006). "F-18" (PDF). Table de radionucleides. Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel. Retrieved 15 June 2011. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)

Galeriya sa hulagway usba